Welcome to the 0.6.0 release of the Yasm Modular Assembler. Its target audience includes people who:
- want to try out a NASM-syntax x86 and AMD64 assembler that can target Win32, Win64, MacOS X, and Unix derivatives;
- want to try out a GAS-syntax assembler other than GAS;
- want to have assembly source-level debugging using either DWARF2 or CodeView 8.0 (2005);
- want to keep track of Yasm’s progress in terms of stability and feature set;
- want to test Yasm with their own code to help test it;
- want to get started on Yasm development from a new release;
- are just interested in the Yasm project.
Download Yasm 0.6.0
A number of download formats are available. For Windows and DOS users, we recommend downloading the prebuilt binaries. The source tarball contains all sources needed to build Yasm on UNIX-compatible systems, Windows, and DOS.
- Source .tar.gz
- Win32 .exe (for “normal” (Visual Studio or similar) use on 32-bit Windows)
- Win64 .exe (for “normal” (Visual Studio or similar) use on 64-bit Windows)
- Win32 .exe (for CygWin use)
- DOS .exe (for use on pure DOS or for use with DJGPP)
New features (compared to 0.5.0):
- Brand-new “virtual” multi-pass optimizer that automatically generates much smaller code for jumps and immediates.
- Support for Mach-O object format used in MacOS X, including both the 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (AMD64) versions (contributed by Henryk Richter).
- Support for structured exception handling on Win64.
- Support for RDOFF2 (.rdf) object format.
- Support for STRICT keyword in NASM syntax.
- Rewritten NASM and GAS parsers (now recursive descent rather than Bison-based).
- Absolute / FAR location bugfixes.
- Yasm no longer defaults to reading from standard input if no files are specified; standard input can be specified with “-“.
- Many other bugfixes.
Features available in previous version of Yasm include:
- Full support for ELF, including support for both AMD64 and 32-bit x86 static and shared objects.
- Full warnings for integer overflow.
- Full support for AMD64 RIP-relative addressing; the two forms supported are
[rip+val](direct index) and
[sym wrt rip](relocated relative).
- Full support for COFF (DJGPP) and Win32 (PE32) and Win64 (PE32+) object formats.
- STABS, DWARF2, and CodeView 8 debugging formats (enable with “-g …”).
- NASM-like list format.
- XDF object format (64-bit basic format, similar in spirit to NASM’s RDF).
- GAS parser good enough to take GCC output for both AMD64 and 32-bit x86 (including DWARF2 debug information).
- “Real” NASM preprocessor (imported from NASM tree).
- Support for AMD64 instruction set, registers, and addressing modes. This is enabled in one of three ways: using the
[BITS 64]directive, using a 64-bit object format such as win64 or elf64, or setting the machine to “amd64”. Only the last two will actually generate a 64-bit object file.
- Most code licensed under 2-clause BSD license, although some portions are still LGPL-licensed (NASM preprocessor module).
- Support for the -I option to specify include directories, with a search pattern essentially identical to most C compilers.
- Support for CALL/JMP FAR, including proper handling of
location EQU seg:off;
- Man pages: yasm(1), yasm_objfmts(7), yasm_dbgfmts(7), and yasm_arch(7).
Important Differences from NASM
- A number of command line options are different. Run “yasm –help” for a quick command line option summary, or read the full yasm(1) manpage for detailed descriptions of all command line options.
- Include files with relative paths are not searched in the same way. Yasm’s search behavior is essentially that of most C compilers.
As Yasm is still under development, there are some caveats and features that do not yet work or are not yet fully functional. The following are the known issues at the time of release:
- The binary object format does not yet support sections other than .text, .bss, and .data, unlike newer versions of NASM (see #71).
Compiling Yasm from source
On UNIX-compatible operating systems, Yasm builds using the standard “./configure; make; make install” commands. GNU make is not required. While Yasm development requires a larger toolchain (see the HACKING file), building Yasm should not require more than just a C compiler.
For Windows and DOS systems, we recommend simply downloading the prebuilt executables. However, for those that want to build YASM directly using DJGPP, CygWin, or Visual C++, Makefiles and all required specialized files are provided in the Mkfiles/ directory of the distribution tarball.
Command Line Option Help:
Assemble test.asm to Win32 object file test.obj with CodeView 8.0 (VS2005) source debug info:
yasm -f win32 -g cv8 test.asm
Assemble test2.asm to Win64 object file test.obj with CodeView 8.0 source debug info:
yasm -f win64 -g cv8 test2.asm
Assemble test3.asm to AMD64 ELF object file test3.o with DWARF2 debugging information:
yasm -f elf64 -g dwarf2 test3.asm
Alternative to above:
yasm -f elf -m amd64 -g dwarf2 test3.asm
Assemble test4.s to 32-bit x86 ELF object file testo.o with DWARF2 debugging information:
yasm -f elf32 -g dwarf2 -o testo.o test4.asm